Marlin tourney in full swing

first_imgThe 55th Montego Bay International Marlin Tournament, sponsored by Appleton Estate Jamaica Rum, is in full swing in St James.Six days of activities will conclude tomorrow with the Appleton Estate Raft Up and beach party, from 11 a.m. until dark, at the Doctor’s Cave Beach Hotel in Montego Bay.Yesterday, six Marlin were caught, tagged and released. Earlier in the week, a dolphin and a black fin tuna were among those caught.The final day of fishing is on today, with lines in the water at 7 a.m. and lines out of the water at 4 p.m. The day will end with the Digicel Awards presentation and performances by several stand-up comedians.last_img

“. . . This Is the Time for Vahun”

first_img“There is a time for everything, and this is the time for Vahun.”These ecstatic (overjoyed) words were uttered by Jimmy Passama, a resident of Vahun, when on Tuesday, February 18, he gave an exclusive interview to our Presidential Correspondent William Harmon. The occasion was President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s first visit to Vahun, Lofa County’s remotest District, situated on the Sierra Leonean border.Mr. Passama was expressing the general feelings of Vahunians, in District No. 2, who truly appreciated not only their President’s first visit to what they had long considered their forgotten town; but also the concrete efforts she had made to reconnect them, finally, to their country, Liberia.Nearly three years ago Ellen had already taken the first reconnection step by mandating her Public Works Minister Kofi Woods to build a 68-kilometer all-weather road from Bolahun to Vahun, connecting them with the rest of Lofa County.  The road immediately cut from eight to only two hours the travel time from Vahun to the county capital, Voinjama.In addition, Vahun’s first high school and health center are nearing completion and youth empowerment and capacity-building programs are underway.In his story, Correspondent Harmon also quoted   Representative Fofi Sahr Baimba, Sr., who represent’s District No. 2 in the House of Representatives.Rep. Biamba recalled that President William R. Tolbert, Jr. was the first Liberian President to visit Vahun. This was made possible when the President, during a visit to the United States, met Dr. Benjamin Dennis of Michigan State University and a Vahun son.  Dr. Dennis told him that no Liberian President had ever visited Vahun.  President Tolbert told him the next time Dennis was in Liberia, they would visit Vahun together.  That is how that same year President Tolbert with Benjamin visited Vahun. They flew there and President Tolbert promised that his next visit would be by car, which indeed took place a little a while later.Rep. Baimba recalled that as late as the 1970s he and his colleagues had to attend elementary and high school in Sierra Leone because Vahun was totally isolated from Liberia. “Those days we did business with Sierra Leone. Our parents sold their produce and paid our school fees in Sierra Leonean currency,” he said.One can imagine what a great relief the new government school and youth empowerment programs in Vahun will mean for Vahunians.It is important to recognize the progress   being made in Liberia. The Vahun visit and recent developments there plus the mini-hydro that brings cheap electricity to Youndohun and environs are tangible signs of development.We hope government will make a deliberate effort to encourage some Vahun elementary graduates to enroll in at the Booker Washington Institute and high school graduates at the University of Liberia.One of Vahun’s early college graduates was Thomas Brima, now Liberian Ambassador to Sierra Leone.  After graduating top of his class from Bolahun High, he enrolled at Cuttington in Suacoco, Bong County in 1960.   A member of the Class of ’63, Thomas excelled in Anthropology but devoted his life to government service, beginning with the State Department (now Foreign Ministry).  He later joined Internal Affairs, serving in senior positions, including Superintendent of Lofa County.Now fully connected with the rest of Liberia, Vahun is set to produce many more talented sons and daughters, like Thomas Brima, Dr. Benjamin Dennis and Rep. Fofi Sahr Baimba.Vahun is not the only remote Liberian town that Ellen has visited.  On Christmas Day, 2009 she walked on logs part of the way and became the first President to enter Belle Yella by road.  Then in September 2011, against the advice of her security, she crossed a deep stream by car to enter Buutuo, Nimba County.  There are many other parts of the country that neither she nor any other President has visited.  We hope she will find more such places and bring to them the blessings of roads, schools, health centers and youth empowerment.We cannot close this editorial without asking if Buutuo yet has a modern elementary and high school. We pray that these are in the making.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

World Council Credit Union to Train Ganta Credit Union Bank Staff

first_imgThe World Council of Credit Union Incorporated (WOCCU) in collaboration with the Liberia Credit Union National Association (LCUNA) has disclosed plan to train staff of the newly established credit union bank in Ganta, the commercial hub of Nimba County.The training, according to WOCCU Chief of Party (COP), Patrick Muriuki, will enhance the productivity of staff as well as provide better services to their customers.Mr. Muriuki’s comment was contained in a speech he delivered recently at a dedicatory ceremony of the Trust Savings Credit Union Bank in Ganta, Nimba County.“As per our commitment to the revitalization process, for the next three years, WOCCU and LCUNA will continue to train staff of the bank to better serve the members as well as the customers.”According to him, executives of the bank will eventually organize members of the credit union as well as other members of the association to inform them about their products and services where they would in return provide feedback from them.“We will organize members’ education days to inform our people about the credit union products and services; and to get feedback from Nimba, Bong and Lofa counties, because these are areas we need to improve our services better,” he said.Mr. Muriuki noted that the credit union is a not-for-profit making cooperative, but able to offer lower loan rates to their members, who want to venture into business.The credit unions, Mr. Muriuki said, are democratic, member-owned cooperatives, which ensure that members have power to direct credit union policy, but not-for-profits.  “Our organization is there to help raise Liberians out of poverty, by empowering them through business establishments,” said Muriuki.He said that surveys have shown that members are more satisfied with the services they received from their respective credit union organizations than customers of banks.However, the WOCCU COP added that the union is poised for positive, economic and social change that is currently providing significant value to both developed and emerging nations.At the same time, the WOCCU boss used the occasion to inform members of the union that, if majority of the members are dissatisfied with the directors because of bad policies, they have the right to replace them.Credit union elections are based on a one-member, one-vote structure, this structure is in contrast to for-profit, public companies where stockholders vote according to the number of shares they own, he added.He concluded by presenting the Ganta Trust Savings Credit Union Bank to members of the entire region three, comprising Nimba, Bong and Lofa Counties. The bank is to be used as headquarters to benefit and serve all members equally in the region.Meanwhile, The Trust Savings Credit Union is one of the four credit unions bank formed under the micro-lead program funded by the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) and implemented by the World Council of Credit Union, Inc. (WOCCU).The program started in April 2013 for the purpose of revitalization of Credit Unions in Liberia.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Guyanese policy holders receiving payments – BoG Governor

first_imgBank of Guyana (BoG) Governor, Dr Gobind Ganga, has confirmed that Guyanese policy holders, who hadBoG Governor,Dr Gobind Gangainvested their monies in the now defunct Colonial Life Insurance Company Limited (CLICO), some seven years ago, have begun receiving their monies.While he could not say off-hand the number of persons who had plugged their life savings into the Insurance Company, Dr Ganga said the process of payout has been ongoing for some time now. He said the monies garnered from CLICO’s liquidated assets and those of its affiliated companies were being used for the payouts.He said however, that all policy holders may not be paid anytime soon as they are being paid based on their rankings, but assured that every effort is being made to make payments back to policy holders.But while efforts are being made here to repay policy holders, Guyana is yet to see its day in court in The Bahamas.Before the massive financial collapse in 2008, CLICO Guyana had transferred some US$36 million to CLICO Bahamas. However, while the investments were said to be “liquid on paper”, investigations, revealed that the sum had been tied up in several investments, including real estate which CLICO Bahamas had in Florida through subsidiaries.When CLICO Bahamas was ordered liquidity on February 24, 2009, the local company was subsequently placed under judicial management. Guyana was then forced to retain lawyers to help recover its money, some 53 per cent of the assets of CLICO Guyana. That matter was filed in The Bahamas court after the CLICO Bahamas’ liquidator “rejected” Guyana’s claims.Recently Dr Ganga had told Guyana Times that given the current financial status of CLICO, there was a possibility that Guyanese policyholders may not get back their life savings which were transferred to the company’s Bahamian office.He said in terms of beneficiaries, Guyana was “way down the ladder” nestled at category ‘D’. This being the case, it did not seem like Guyana would anytime soon be able to recover the monies invested since, like many other countries, it was still awaiting its day in court.According to Dr Ganga, it is obvious that Guyana’s case has been “put for last”, on the list of cases filed by other Caribbean countries against the group. Suriname is one such country, claiming US$15.5 million from CLICO Bahamas. Guyana’s case is being represented by an esteemed lawyer, John Wilson of McKinney Bancroft & Hughes.CL Financial, CLICO’s parent company, collapsed in January 2009, following the global financial crisis in 2008. The global recession exposed the company’s inability to meet its commitments to pay maturing investments at CLICO and CLICO Investment Bank (CIB). In 2010, the CLICO Bahamas liquidator, Craig A “Tony” Gomez, had related that his “preliminary view of the documentation suggests that policies were never issued by CLICO Bahamas. In addition, premiums received from Guyana and Suriname were never paid to CLICO Bahamas”.In his third report to the Bahamian Supreme Court on the life and health insurer’s liquidation, Gomez, of the Baker Tilly Gomez Chartered Accountants firm, said the US$34 million and US$15.5 million claims submitted by CLICO Guyana and CLICO Suriname had not been approved.Guyana had appealed the matter which is still pending; to date, Guyana is yet to receive any of the money invested by CLICO Guyana.last_img read more

Guardiola blasts referee as Salah sends Liverpool through

first_imgCity led 1-0 on the night at that stage after Gabriel Jesus’s second-minute opener, but the hosts felt aggrieved after Leroy Sane had a second goal wrongly disallowed for offside just before half-time.“It’s different to go in 1-0 at half-time to 2-0,” said Guardiola, who also believed Liverpool’s opener in a 3-0 first-leg win at Anfield last week should have been ruled out for offside.“When the teams are so equal the impact of these decisions is so big.”Mohamed Salah booked Liverpool’s place in the last four for the first time in a decade when he coolly chipped home his 39th goal of the season 11 minutes into the second half before Roberto Firmino inflicted a third consecutive defeat on City for the first time in Guardiola’s near two-year reign.Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp hailed the maturity of his side to see out a first-half onslaught.“The boys found a solution. We had these two or three moments already at end of the first half so it was easy for me and the boys to see the development of the game and that we are already through the whirlwind,” said Klopp.Liverpool trail City by 17 points in the Premier League, but have now beaten Guardiola’s men in three of their four meetings this season.“I really think they are the best team in the world at the moment but I knew we could beat them,” added Klopp.“We should enjoy the moment. It was a while ago Liverpool was in the semis and I was in the semis and now we are there together.”– Perfect start –Mohamed Salah scored Liverpool’s first goal at the Etihad Stadium as the five-time European champions reached the semi-finals for the first time in a decadeGuardiola admitted beforehand that his side needed the “perfect” performance and the hosts got the perfect start as they opened the scoring after just 117 seconds.Liverpool were unhappy at Mateu Lahoz in what was to be the start of a controversial night for the Spaniard when Virgil van Dijk claimed he had been pushed by Raheem Sterling in the lead-up to the goal.The referee was unmoved, though, and with the Dutchman out of position, Fernandinho’s through ball found Sterling and his low cross was swept home by Jesus.Salah had been an injury doubt after limping off in the first leg, but Liverpool were unable to spring the Egyptian free in the first 45 minutes as City peppered the visitors’ box with crosses without finding the final touch.Bernardo Silva saw a deflected effort spin just wide and then rattled the post with a deflected long-range strike.“The first half was so good,” added Guardiola. “(We) hit the post from Bernardo, but when you arrive you have to try to score the second goal.”The turning point came seconds later when Sane turned into an empty net after Loris Karius’s punch came back off his own player James Milner.Guardiola ran onto the field at half-time to pull his protesting players away from the official before embarking on his own rant at Mateu Lahoz that saw him watch the second half from the stands.City understandably failed to maintain the intensity of their first-half display and Salah got the decisive goal when he followed up after Ederson had denied Sadio Mane with a wonderfully-judged chipped finish past the despairing Nicolas Otamendi in the 56th minute.City’s terrible week after also blowing the chance to seal the Premier League title against local rivals Manchester United at the weekend was rounded off 13 minutes from time when Otamendi was caught in possession and Firmino slotted in off the far post.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Pep Guardiola was forced to watch from the stands as Manchester City crashed out of the Champions LeagueMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Apr 10 – Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola blasted Spanish referee Antonio Mateu Lahoz and lamented decisions that cost his side dear after a 2-1 home defeat by Liverpool on Tuesday sealed a 5-1 aggregate Champions League quarter-final win for the five-time European champions.Guardiola was forced to watch the second half from the stands after being sent off for his protestations at the break as free-spending City’s dreams of conquering the Champions League for the first time were dashed for another season.last_img read more

Ghana journey starts against Swazis- Migne

first_img“It has been interesting for me to know the players and have some few answers about them in few days of training. But the most important bit is in competition. Sometimes the player might be ready in training but it is important to see them in competition,” the Frenchman said after his final training session at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies on Thursday evening.He says he is pleased with the quality of the players and the improvement they have marked since he first had a session with them two weeks ago, though he reiterates there is a lot to be done especially in terms of raising their fitness levels to endure a 90-minute game with unwavering tempo.Harambee Stars head coach Sebastien Migne shouts instructions to players during a training session at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies on May 24, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy Olobulu“In few days of training, there is not so much we can do. But we have started the journey,” the coach noted.Migne had included five foreign based players in his preliminary squad but all of them have pulled out of the tie citing various reasons and they can’t be compelled as the two games fall out of FIFA friendly dates.The tactician, though disappointed, looked at it with a positive eye, noting that it will give him an opportunity to assess the local based lads better and hand them a chance to compete for places with their foreign based counterparts.“It is a shame because I lose time to look at all of them. Ghana is just close by and we have little time between now and then to prepare well. But I must be positive because it will be a good thing to look at the local players who can compete with foreign players in future,”“It is difficult for an international game not to have some strong players but it is interesting for us looking at the future like CHAN, CECAFA and also for the Under-23 who make a good number in the team,” the coach further noted.Harambee Stars players during a training session at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies on May 24, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluHe further said; “We are trying to build something for the future and I am happy to have a start on Friday.”Migne expects a tough encounter from Swaziland who will be using the match to prepare for the upcoming COSAFA Cup and he says he knows a bit about them having watched most of their players turning out for Mbabane Swallows during his time in Congo.“I know it will not be an easy match but the most important thing for me is my team and how we play, how we improve and correct our mistakes. If you want to win, you have to try play well with good organization,” the coach added.Meanwhile, Migne says he will incorporate all junior coaches into his technical bench as he looks to imprint a similar philosophy across all national teams. He says Michael Amenga (U17), Stanley Okumbi (U20) and Francis Kimanzi (U23) will all be part of his backroom staff.During Thursday’s training sessions, Kimanzi was present alongside the other French assistant Nicolas Bouriquett. Goalkeeper coach Guilleme Coffy and Osteopath Ludovic Breul have also linked up with the team.Harambee Stars goalkeeper trainer Guilleme Coffy issues instructions to Boniface Oluoch and Timothy Odhiambo during a training session at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies on May 24, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluAfter Swaziland, Stars will face Equatorial Guinea on Monday before travelling to India for a four-nation invitational tournament.After that tourney, Migne says he will look to watch more local games including the National Super League, Division One and Division Two to search for more talent.“Sometimes, you might not find a good team but good individual players. We will watch all the leagues, even on the streets to search for the good players. You never know where you will find them,” he further stated.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Harambee Stars head coach Sebastien Migne gestures during a training session at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies on May 24, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluNAIROBI, Kenya, May 24- Harambee Stars head coach Sebastien Migne says Friday afternoon’s friendly match against Swaziland will be the first step of preparation in his journey to face Ghana in Nairobi in September in a 2019 African Cup of Nations Qualifier.Migne has had a group of 24 local based players in camp from Monday and he will pour them out for their first test on Friday and he hopes the quality he has seen in training can manifest in an actual match.last_img read more

Legendary defender doubts Pogba-Mourinho relationship is affecting performances

first_imgAfter the first eight Premier League games Man United find themselves in eighth place, behind Wolverhampton Wanderers and Bournemouth, having lost three games and draw one, as well as winning four.Many pundits and fans have blamed the mixed form on Mourinho’s relationship with his star man, and other players.But Pallister, speaking exclusively to 888sport, reckons the rapport between the two will have had no bearing on the Frenchman. RANKED Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? Son ban confirmed as Tottenham fail with appeal to overturn red card Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won 3 Berahino hits back at b******t Johnson criticism – ‘I was in a dark place at Stoke’ Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade 3 BEST OF Latest Football Stories “The press have got an idea about what the relationship is like between Paul and Jose Mourinho but that morning when they supposedly had that big argument on the training pitch Paul walked on and shook hands with all of the training staff including Jose. So if it was that fractured he wouldn’t speak to anybody surely? You’d do your training and get on with it. So who knows what that relationship is really like? Mourinho and Pogba talk immediately after the 3-0 defeat to Tottenham. Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury huge blow no dice Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade center_img ADVICE Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions Manchester United legend Gary Pallister has insisted Paul Pogba’s relationship with Jose Mourinho is not affecting the players’ performances.The France ace has had a mixed campaign so far and has reportedly fallen out with his manager at Old Trafford. MONEY 3 Pogba’s relationship with Mourinho appeared to sour in the home match against Spurs last season. shining “Paul is playing on one of the biggest stages in the world and it doesn’t matter if you fall out with players – I played with players who didn’t get along. All that matters is that once you cross that line you’re in it together and you pull together. I’m sure they can put it all behind them on matchdays.”Pallister, though, has revealed bust ups like the ones reported about Pogba and Mourinho are a new development at Manchester United. REPLY Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars He added: “I’ve seen fractured relationships between players and managers in my time but certainly not at Old Trafford. That was one of the best things about Sir Alex’s management and one of his strongest suits: how he dealt with egos and characters and everything that goes along with that.Read the full 888sport interview with Gary Pallister, including his thoughts on United’s best centre-back pairing. REVEALED REVEALED Paul Pogba and Jose Mourinho have appeared at loggerheads this season. last_img read more

FAMILY OF FOUR HAVE LUCKY ESCAPE AFTER JEEP OVERTURNS

first_imgA family of four had a lucky escape this morning when their jeep overturned on the Glen Road between Loughanure and Annagry due to slippery conditions.The O’Gara’s upturned jeep.Special Needs Assistant Celine O’Gara, her two daughters and son were on their way to school in Dungloe when the accident happened.The jeep went off the road and overturned just below the Donegal County Council storage quarry. The occupants escaped with minor injuries.Locals and Glen road residents have voiced their anger that this busy road – a main link from the N56 to Donegal Airport – is never gritted.“This family had a very lucky escape this morning when you see where the jeep ended up,” said one local who helped recover the vehicle.The woman’s husband, Conal O Gara, said he will be raising the matter with Donegal County Council, adding his family had a very lucky escape. “It’ll be too late to considering gritting the road when there is a very serious accident. It’s not a nice feeling having to recover your children’s school bags from an upturned vehicle,” he said.His son Adrian, who was not in the vehicle at the time, added: “something needs to be done about this road. It’s an absolute joke. Thank God the family is ok. It took me and dad about five minutes to grit that part of the road ourselves after the crash to prevent anymore.”FAMILY OF FOUR HAVE LUCKY ESCAPE AFTER JEEP OVERTURNS was last modified: January 29th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Raiders on ‘Hard Knocks’: So how many people are watching?

first_img‘Hard Knocks’: What grade do you give the series so far?A — It deserves an Emmy — and the Lombardi trophyB — It’s pretty good and getting betterC — It’s so-so. Playing .500 ballD — It’s as dreadful as Antonio Brown’s feetF — It’s an epic fail. A black hole of tedium.Other:VoteView Results Take Our PollThe world of television isn’t all that different from sports. Success — or failure — is usually reflected in the statistics.And so far, HBO has to be pretty pleased with the audience stats being …last_img

Cool Cell Tricks

first_imgSome cell parts act like acrobats, some like rescue workers, and some like I.T. professionals.  Here are some recent stories about the tricks that living cells perform each day.Precision formation flying:  The Scientist expressed amazement at the precision of key factors in development of the body plan in fruit flies.  The levels of expression in the bicoid factor “suggest a surprising level of accuracy in regulation of protein controlling body plan development.”  Words like “stunning,” “surprising” and “more complicated than we think” season the article.  “It’s very difficult to imagine how this could work,” said one.  The original papers on this process were published in Cell and summarized in a review article by Matthew Gibson.1    A press release from Princeton elaborated on the precision of this process.  During development, it says, “cells make decisions to become one part of the body or another by a process so precise that they must be close to counting every available signaling molecule they receive from the mother.”  The article also says, “This signaling requires a sensitivity approaching the limits set by basic physical principles.”  One result of being able to measure things in biology these precisely was mentioned in the first paragraph: these are “discoveries that could change how scientists think not just about flies, but about life in general.”  The press release mentioned nothing about evolution.Chromosome triage:  Cells maintain a special “chromosome glue” called cohesin that can repair damaged DNA and keep sister chromatids together during cell division, reported EurekAlert.  The repair kit comes ready for emergencies: “Their results show that DNA damage can reactivate cohesin, which runs counter to the commonly held view that cohesion only arises during the DNA copying that takes place before cell division.”    A paper on DNA repair was published in Nature last month,2 titled, “Chromatin dynamics and the preservation of genetic information.”  After mentioning the harm that can come from double-stranded breaks in DNA, the abstract said, “Recent work indicates that chromatin – the fibres into which DNA is packaged with a proteinaceous structural polymer – has an important role in initiating, propagating and terminating this cellular response to DNA damage.”    Science also chimed in on this subject, with a Perspectives article by Erwan Watrin and Jan-Michael Peters describing “How and why the genome sticks together.”3  Two papers in the issue give a new vista on the work a cell does to protect its library: “cohesion can be established in response to DNA damage independently of DNA replication,” they said.  “This overturns a long-held belief that cohesion is strictly coupled to DNA synthesis.  The papers also imply that DNA damage may have a broader impact than previously thought, triggering genomewide protection of chromosome integrity.”Word processing foremen:  Non-coding sections of DNA may act as punctuation, an article on the Times Online reported.  This is further evidence that the concept of “junk DNA” is defunct. For years, evolutionary geneticists were puzzled by long stretches of apparently useless DNA: “This is puzzling, because scientists thought that evolution would fine-tune the human genome to preserve the essential bits and discard the rest,” wrote Anjana Ahuja for the Times. Now an international team of scientists has discovered that junk DNA might regulate the activity of the genes they surround.  While genes do the hard work of making proteins, the junk DNA could be responsible for starting and stopping protein production.  “Some of the junk DNA might be considered punctuation marks – commas and full stops that help make sense of the coding portion of the genome,” says Dr Victoria Lunyak, of the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, one of the authors of a paper published in Science.  Another analogy is to think of genes as building labourers, and the surrounding pieces of junk DNA as foremen.This almost makes it sound like the “junk DNA” is in some sense more important than the genes – that is, if managers are more important than laborers – a dubious proposition.Time to unwind:  A press release from Cornell shows an unwinding device at work: helicase, a molecular machine that unwinds DNA strands during replication.  “The research found that the helicase appears to actively exert a force onto the fork and separate the two strands,” the article said.  This shows that helicase is not a passive device.  It really works at its vital job.A bouquet with love:  You may have heard of telomeres, the tips of chromosomes, as mere caps on DNA to keep it from unraveling.  Cell published a new study that shows that these DNA ends organize into a “bouquet” that is essential for spindle pole formation during meiotic cell division.4  The authors said, “This discovery illuminates an unanticipated level of communication between chromosomes and the spindle apparatus that may be widely conserved among eukaryotes.”Talk to me:  The phenomenon of cell communication is a huge area of study.  Science Daily reported a finding that red blood cells “talk” to platelets, and that disruption of this communication leads to diabetes and heart attacks.    In Current Biology,5 Paul Jarvis wrote about the “backchat” that goes on between chloroplasts and the nucleus in plant cells.  He assumed that chloroplasts evolved as once free-living cells that were engulfed by an ancestral prokaryote, and that their separate genomes were partitioned, most of the DNA going to the nucleus of the host.  Still, a remarkable degree of communication is required to ensure the proper amounts of chloroplast proteins are produced in the nucleus: “To ensure the correct, stoichiometric assembly of these complexes, and to enable their rapid reorganization in response to developmental or environmental cues, the activities of the nuclear and chloroplast genomes must be synchronized through intracellular signalling,” he said.  Each protein must then traverse the inner and outer membranes of the chloroplast, assisted by complexes of molecular machines.  Jarvis presented one example of the complexity involved in signalling:A particularly nice example is provided by the plastid protein import 1 (ppi1) mutant, which lacks the chloroplast protein import receptor atToc33.  This is actually one of two similar receptors in Arabidopsis, the other being atToc34, which are thought to have distinct substrate preferences: atToc33 mediating the import of the highly abundant precursors of the photosynthetic apparatus, and atToc34 the import of ‘housekeeping’ proteins (for example, components of the plastid’s genetic system, or enzymes of non-photosynthetic metabolism).  Remarkably, the ppi1 mutation triggers the specific down-regulation of photosynthesis-related genes (Figure 2), suggesting that retrograde signalling mechanisms exist to prevent the futile expression of proteins not able to reach their final, organellar destination.  Clearly, such exquisite regulation specificity could not be achieved were all plastid signalling pathways to converge and control gene expression through a common process.He did not elaborate on how all this “organellar repartee” could have evolved, though.  He just ended on the note, “Observations such as these suggest that a great deal remains to be learnt concerning plastid-to-nucleus signalling.”We brake for spindles:  Kinesin is usually thought of a molecular motor that power-walks down a track.  But what good is an engine without a brake?  When kinesin needs to carry a load, or when it needs to winch apart chromosomes during cell division, something needs to tell it when to stop.  An article in Current Biology6 shows that in some cases, kinesin-5 has a built-in braking mechanism:Faithful chromosome segregation depends upon the formation and function of a bipolar, microtubule (MT)-based mitotic spindle, which uses multiple mitotic motors to assemble itself and to separate sister chromatids.  Among these motors, members of the kinesin-5 family are thought to have critical and often essential mitotic functions, by pushing apart the spindle poles, for example during anaphase B spindle elongation.  Curiously, however, the single kinesin-5 present in Caenorhabditis elegans, BMK-1, is dispensible for mitosis.  Now, new work from the Saxton and Strome laboratories, published recently in Current Biology, shows that, in this system, BMK-1 has novel mitotic functions, serving as a brake that restrains the rate of anaphase spindle-pole separation driven by other cortical force generators.The authors thought it “somewhat surprising to find such distinct, indeed opposite, roles for kinesin-5, acting as a brake on ipMT sliding in the spindles of C. elegans embryos versus actively pushing apart ipMTs in spindles of other systems, such as Drosophila embryos.”  More work is being done to figure out how this is possible.None of these papers explained how evolution could come up with the tricks.  The last entry, though, simply stated as a matter of fact that natural selection did it somehow.  Still, the authors’ astonishment at the diversity and complexity of molecular motors left it challenging to believe it all just happened:Some of us recall the time when the world of motor proteins seemed relatively uncomplicated; cilia used dynein, muscles used myosin, and we sensed that the discovery of ‘THE mitotic motor’ lay just around the corner.  Subsequently, mitosis researchers have uncovered a far more fascinating scenario in which multiple mitotic motors, a dozen or so in Drosophila for example, are deployed to functionally coordinate the highly choreographed sequence of motility events associated with spindle assembly and chromatid separation.  The work of Saunders et al.  on kinesin-5 extends our growing appreciation of mitotic motor diversity by suggesting that this key mitotic motor can be used to carry out a previously unrecognized function in C. elegans spindles.  As these authors point out, it is striking how natural selection adopts such diverse strategies in different cell-types to move apart sister chromatids the few microns required to ensure that the products of each cell division inherit a complete set of genetic instructions.  This diversity presents a challenge, since useful general models for spindle assembly and function must not only incorporate the basic principles common to all spindles, but should also be sufficiently adaptable to encompass the diversity of spindle design produced by natural selection.1Matthew Gibson, “Bicoid by the Numbers: Quantifying a Morphogen Gradient,” Cell, Volume 130, Issue 1, 13 July 2007, pages 14-16, doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.06.036.2Jessica A. Downs, Michel C. Nussenzweig and Andre Nussenzweig, “Review article: Chromatin dynamics and the preservation of genetic information,” Nature 447, 951-958 (21 June 2007) | doi:10.1038/nature05980.3Erwan Watrin and Jan-Michael Peters, “Molecular Biology: How and When the Genome Sticks Together,” Science, 13 July 2007: Vol. 317. no. 5835, pp. 209-210, DOI: 10.1126/science.1146072.4Kazunori Tomita and Julia Promisel Coope, “The Telomere Bouquet Controls the Meiotic Spindle,” Cell, Volume 130, Issue 1, 13 July 2007, pages 113-126, doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.05.024.5Paul Jarvis, “Intracellular Signalling: Chloroplast Backchat,” Current Biology, Volume 17, Issue 14, 17 July 2007, Pages R552-R555, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.05.021.6Gul Civelekoglu-Scholeya and Jonathan M. Scholey, “Mitotic Motors: Kinesin-5 Takes a Brake,” Current Biology, Volume 17, Issue 14, 17 July 2007, Pages R544-R547, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.05.030.We must continue to juxtapose the unfolding intricacies of cellular machinery with the farcical explanations proposed by evolutionists.  Darwinian thinking is so entrenched, only repeated application of detailed instances as shown above can produce the cumulative effect on brainwashed minds that is obvious to the rest of us: trying to explain these wonders by unguided processes of mindless evolution is just plain dumb.  Some day, this will be obvious to everybody.  Future biologists will look back with bewilderment that so many smart people fell for such silly notions for so long.  They will understand intuitively that quality control, effective communication and choreographed performances are hallmarks of planning, guidance, and intelligence.  How could anyone have thought otherwise?  Someone’s motors weren’t turning, for sure.(Visited 27 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more