A review of surface ozone in the polar regions

first_imgSurface ozone records from ten polar research stations were investigated for the dependencies of ozone on radiative processes, snow-photochemisty, and synoptic and stratospheric transport. A total of 146 annual data records for the Arctic sites Barrow, Alaska; Summit, Greenland; Alert, Canada; Zeppelinfjellet, Norway; and the Antarctic stations Halley, McMurdo, Neumayer, Sanae, Syowa, and South Pole were analyzed. Mean ozone at the Northern Hemisphere (NH) stations (excluding Summit) is 5 ppbv higher than in Antarctica. Statistical analysis yielded best estimates for the projected year 2005 median annual ozone mixing ratios, which for the Arctic stations were 33.5 ppbv at Alert, 28.6 ppbv at Barrow, 46.3 ppbv ppb at Summit and 33.7 ppbv at Zeppelinfjellet. For the Antarctic stations the corresponding ozone mixing ratios were 21.6 ppbv at Halley, 27.0 ppbv at McMurdo, 24.9 ppbv at Neumayer, 27.2 ppbv at Sanae, 29.4 ppbv at South Pole, and 25.8 ppbv at Syowa. At both Summit (3212 m asl) and South Pole (2830 m asl), annual mean ozone is higher than at the lower elevation and coastal stations. A trend analysis revealed that all sites in recent years have experienced low to moderate increases in surface ozone ranging from 0.02 to 0.26 ppbv yr−1, albeit none of these changes were found to be statistically significant trends. A seasonal trend analysis showed above-average increases in ozone during the spring and early summer periods for both Arctic (Alert, Zeppelinfjellet) and Antarctic (McMurdo, Neumayer, South Pole) sites. In contrast, at Barrow, springtime ozone has been declining. All coastal stations experience springtime episodes with rapid depletion of ozone in the boundary layer, attributable to photochemically catalyzed ozone depletion from halogen chemistry. This effect is most obvious at Barrow, followed by Alert. Springtime depletion episodes are less pronounced at Antarctic stations. At South Pole, during the Antarctic spring and summer, photochemical ozone production yields frequent episodes with enhanced surface ozone. Other Antarctic stations show similar, though less frequent spring and summertime periods with enhanced ozone. The Antarctic data provide evidence that austral spring and summertime ozone production in Antarctica is widespread, respectively, affects all stations at least through transport events. This ozone production contributes to a several ppbv enhancement in the annual mean ozone over the Antarctic plateau; however, it is not the determining process in the Antarctic seasonal ozone cycle. Although Summit and South Pole have many similarities in their environmental conditions, this ozone production does not appear to be of equal importance at Summit. Amplitudes of diurnal, summertime ozone cycles at these polar sites are weaker than at lower latitude locations. Amplitudes of seasonal ozone changes are larger in the Southern Hemisphere (by 5 ppbv), most likely due to less summertime photochemical ozone loss and more transport of ozone-rich air to the Arctic during the NH spring and summer months.last_img read more

It’s war! ARLA urges agents to take tenant fees ban battle to MPs’ constituencies

first_imgHome » News » It’s war! ARLA urges agents to take tenant fees ban battle to MPs’ constituencies previous nextRegulation & LawIt’s war! ARLA urges agents to take tenant fees ban battle to MPs’ constituenciesPoliticians need to understand likely heavy impact of ban on their local rental market and local employment before they vote on bill, the trade association says.Nigel Lewis18th May 20181 Comment2,813 Views After failing to persuade the government that the tenant fees ban will lead to a rise in rents, poorer quality properties and fewer jobs within the property industry, the Association of Residential Letting Agents (ARLA) has taken its war direct to MPs in their constituencies.This is somewhat of a U-turn compared to the organisation’s position earlier this month when David Cox, ARLA’s Chief Executive, (pictured, above) appeared to throw in the towel and told members following the Bill’s Introduction to parliament that they “must start preparing for when it comes into force”.The trade association, which says the fees ban is not the “black and white” issue portrayed by the government, has emailed all its members urging them to contact their local MPs ahead of the Tenant Fees Bill’s passage through parliament, which was announced earlier this month.Agents are being asked to both book face-to-face meetings at MPs’ surgeries and send letters.The ARLA tenant fees ban campaign includes a briefing paper for agents to use when they contact their local MP, and a toolkit that includes a letter ready to send to the politicians.As well as urging MPs to consider the impact on their local property market and economy following a ban, ARLA says holding deposits should be permitted payments and not capped at one week’s rent to prevent tenants making multiple offers when house hunting.It is also urging MPs to scrap the deposit cap, which it says varies from region to region, and allow default fees for out-of-hours services including when tenants lock themselves out of their homes late at night.ARLA also claims the ban will not make the market fairer for tenants, will reduce not increase competition among agents, and will decrease enforcement of existing rental sector laws and regulations.ARLA tenant fees ban Tenant Fees Bill David Cox May 18, 2018Nigel LewisOne commentJames Robinson, Lurot Brand Lurot Brand 21st May 2018 at 1:19 pmBetter late than neverLog in to ReplyWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021last_img read more

Housing ministry rebuts Phil Spencer’s cladding criticism

first_imgPhil Spencer has ruffled feathers at the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, which has responded to his criticisms of its response to the leasehold cladding scandal.These were made within our story yesterday ‘TV star calls on government to fix the growing leaseholder cladding scandal’, in which the Channel 4 presenter and MoveIQ founder claimed that “unless action is taken immediately people who bought into these government backed affordable housing schemes will be bankrupted to cover costs of removal”.An MHCLG spokesperson contacted us to say: “Making sure residents are safe and feel safe in their homes is a Government priority which is why we are providing £1.6bn to speed up the removal of unsafe cladding and protect leaseholders from significant remediation costs.“Government funding should not be the only means of funding remediation costs – building owners should meet these costs without passing them on to leaseholders wherever possible.“They also have a legal responsibility to ensure their buildings and residents are safe, and must ensure that any remaining buildings have started remediation works before the end of this year. We are seeing progress – remediation has been completed or is under way in more than 70% of buildings with ACM cladding.”MHCLG also wants to point out that remediation is now complete or under way in more than 70% of buildings with ACM cladding – rising to above 90% in the social housing sector.acm cladding cladding scandal Phil Spencer MHCLG September 17, 2020Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021 Home » News » Housing ministry rebuts Phil Spencer’s cladding criticism previous nextRegulation & LawHousing ministry rebuts Phil Spencer’s cladding criticismThis rebuttal follows an article published yesterday by The Negotiator reporting on the Channel 4 presenter’s comments about the lack of progress on cladding removal.Nigel Lewis17th September 202002,265 Viewslast_img read more

Hertford not ready to Exet

first_imgSexy football was the order of the day at the third round of the Cuppers 5-a-side football last Thursday this round was definitely less One Man and his Dog and more Footballer’s Wives: physical, passionate, full of talent and with the odd smattering of sexy soccer. Queen’s B kicked off the day’s play against Exeter A in a corker of a match. Players fizzed around the pitch like annoyed wasps, buzzing after the ball (or, more often than not, after the legs of the opposition). An early Exeter free-kick was charged down by the omnipresent Sutcliffe who bit into the tackle and released Pearson to put Queen’s into the lead. Exeter were being outplayed by a Queen’s side full of verve, and although the physical Paul Coles was doing his best to keep them in the game, Queen’s B clinched another victory in what has been a fine tournament for them. Queen’s A were not as successful against historic rivals Teddy Hall B. Queen’s, orchestrated by the nimble-footed Kurosh Nikbin, dominated their ragged opponents who were indebted to goalkeeper Julian Baker for a series of fine saves. It was no surprise when Duncan Knox’s precise right-footed drive put Queen’s 1-0 up in the final minute, but then Queen’s keeper Graham Tunbridge, star of previous rounds, inadvertently directed a hopeful flick into his own net. Servants vanquished masters in the penalty shoot-out as Hall won 2-1. St Catz A beat Univ A in a match of minimal incident. Key players Chris Tapp (Univ) and Chris Vaulks (St Catz) pulled off several fine stops before Chris Bargate deservedly won the game for Catz with a well placed leftfooted shot. Good things come to those who wait, and those that stayed to see the final match were in for a treat as Hertford B produced football of such stunning simplicity and effectiveness to stun Exeter B. One-touch passing and movement were combined with spatial awareness and confidence in their teammates as first Scott Johnston and then Marc Rogers put Hertford in complete control of the game. Only Exeter keeper Olly Williams kept the score down. If they keep this form up Hertford might be an outside bet for the final. They continue to prove that you don’t have to be hard to be sexy.ARCHIVE: 4th week TT 2004last_img read more

Apuro

first_imgThe Atlanta gastronorm range of fridges and freezers from Apuro has been re-designed to significantly improve operating efficiency, cut down on energy use and increase internal storage space, says the company.The four-shelf, single-door AT70TN, has a capacity of 650 litres (23 cu ft), and energy consumption of 3.6kWh per 24 hour, while the eight-shelf, AT140TN double door fridge has a capacity of 1,300 litres (46 cu ft) and energy consumption of 5.4 kWh per 24 hours.Temperature within the cabinets can be held between -2?C to +8?C.The matching single-door, AT70BT, and double-door, AT140BT, freezers use 5.4kWh per 24 hours and 11kWh per 24 hours respectively, while holding the cabinet temperature between -18?C to -22?C.last_img

News story: People with significant control (PSC): who controls your company?

first_img over 25% up to (and including) 50% more than 50% and less than 75% 75% or more name date of birth nationality and country of residence correspondence address – known as the ‘service address’ home address (this must not be disclosed) the date they became a PSC of the company the date you entered them into your PSC register all natures of control which apply A PSC must meet one or more conditions known as the ‘nature of control’. Your register must show which conditions are met.How to identify people with significant control (PSCs)Most PSCs are those who hold: more than 25% of shares in the company more than 25% of voting rights in the company the right to appoint or remove the majority of the board of directors If the PSC has applied for protectionSome individuals might have applied to protect their PSC information from being published on the Companies House register.If a PSC has applied for protection, you should record this on your PSC register.Protection from disclosure applies from the date the application is made to us.If you elect to keep your PSC information at Companies HouseAlmost all information about your PSCs will be available to the public, including their full date of birth.The PSC’s home address will not be available to the public, unless it’s also used as their service address.You must give all PSCs 14 days’ notice. If there are no objections, we can hold your register.See our guidance on company registers.Inspection of your registerYour PSC register must be available for inspection at the company’s registered office, or single alternative inspection location (SAIL).Anyone can look at your register free of charge. You must provide copies on request – you can charge a maximum of £12 for each copy. If you do not have an online account with us, you’ll need to register for online filing.You can also send us PSC information using third-party software.Contacting your PSC You must not disclose the home address of your company’s PSCs. Your PSC register cannot be blank. You must try to identify and contact anyone who could be a PSC of your company.Refusing to provide PSC information is a criminal offence, and you can apply restrictions on their shares or voting rights. You must include the level of their shares and voting rights, within the following categories:center_img See the full PSC guidance for more information.Information in your PSC registerYour PSC register must contain information about all PSCs of the company.If this is not possible, you must put a statement in your register to explain why this information is not available. You should check your company’s register of members for information on shareholders and voting rights.Your company’s constitution and articles of association may also contain information on voting and other rights associated with ownership of shares in the company.Other significant influence or controlYour PSC might influence or control your company through other means. This could be directly, or on behalf of someone else.For example, someone may influence or control the actions of directors or shareholders.This condition will only apply in limited circumstances. The full PSC guidance has more information on the meaning of ‘significant influence or control’.If your company is controlled by a trust or firm without ‘legal personality’This condition will only apply in limited circumstances. You should read the full PSC guidance and seek professional advice if you think this applies to your company.If the trust or firm meets any nature of control, you’ll need to record all trustees or members/partners of the firm as PSCs of your company and register this information at Companies House.Recording your PSC informationYou must confirm certain details with your PSC, before you can record them in your PSC register. The details you’ll need are: Send your PSC information to Companies House. A person with significant control (PSC) is someone who owns or controls your company. They’re sometimes called ‘beneficial owners’.You must identify your PSC and tell us who they are. This might be you, or someone associated with your company. A company can have one or more PSCs.You must record their details on your company’s PSC register, and you’ll need to include this information when you set up (incorporate) your company.If you cannot identify your PSC, or do not have one, you need to tell us.Identifying your PSC This guidance only covers the most common case examples. For more complex cases, you should read the full PSC guidance and seek independent professional advice if necessary. Applying restrictions is a significant step. You should only consider this if the person has repeatedly failed to respond to your requests for information. If your PSC information changesYou must record any changes to your PSC information in your company’s PSC register, such as a change of personal details or nature of control. You must do this within 14 days of the change.You must send these changes to Companies House within a further 14 days. It’s easier to do this online. Failing to meet the requirementsIf you think your company has a PSC, but you do not have all their information, you should send them a notice.You could also notify any advisers to your PSC, such as their lawyers, accountants or business partners.Anyone who does not respond to these notices within one calendar month, or gives false information, commits a criminal offence. They could receive a 2 year prison sentence, a fine or both.Other company typesSee Life of a limited liability partnership (LLP) for PSC guidance for LLPs.Eligible Scottish partnerships do not need to keep their own register – but they must send their PSC information to Companies House.Scottish limited partnerships (SLPs) and Scottish qualifying partnerships (SQPs) cannot keep their register at Companies House or an alternative address.See the full PSC guidance for information on these business types.last_img read more

WinterWonderGrass Steamboat Annnounces 2019 Lineup With Trampled By Turtles, Railroad, & The Stringdusters

first_imgIn February of 2019, WinterWonderGrass will return to Steamboat Springs, Colorado, for its seventh-annual event. Scheduled for February 22nd through 24th, today, the fan-favorite winter bluegrass and roots festival has announced its initial lineup, including headliners Trampled by Turtles, Railroad Earth, and The Infamous Stringdusters.In addition to these three big-name headliners, WinterWonderGrass Steamboat has curated a characteristically strong down bill. The festival will also see performances by The California Honeydrops, Fruition, Billy Strings, The Lil Smokies, Della Mae with Bonnie Paine, Jeff Austin Band, the Shook Twins, Lindsay Lou, Love Canon, River Whyless, Pixie and the Partygrass Boys, Pickin’ on the Dead, Town Mountain, Rapidgrass, Upstate, Wood Belly, The Sweet Lillies, Chain Station, Tenth Mountain Division, The Lonesome Days, Jay Roemer Band, and Buffalo Commons.As Scotty Stoughton, founder of WinterWonderGrass, explained in a statement,Steamboat is now one of my homes, and that has permeated down into my team. The love, support, and appreciation we feel from the community inspires us to make the City proud. We always set out to develop WinterWonderGrass with our host towns as a partnership, relying on each other to deliver an outstanding experience for locals, and the guests that work so hard to make the pilgrimage. It’s beyond an honor to continue to build the legacy of the original WinterWonderGrass in Colorado.Tickets for WinterWonderGrass’ upcoming 2019 edition in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, go on sale today, September 25th. The festival is offering three-day general admission and VIP tickets, as well as packages that contain tickets to the Steamboat festival as well as its other festival locations in Vermont and California. For more information and for ticketing, head to the festival’s website here.last_img read more

Michael Phillips Moskowitz named Entrepreneurship Fellow at Shorenstein Center

first_imgThe Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, located at the Harvard Kennedy School, is pleased to announce the appointment of Michael Phillips Moskowitz as the Center’s first Entrepreneurship Fellow.The newly established Entrepreneurship Fellow program will invite established technology entrepreneurs to provide guidance and mentorship to students, and to work with faculty on research and course development. “The explosion of innovation coming out of emerging technology companies has profound consequences for the public sphere — from media to public policy,” said Nicco Mele, the Center’s director.“By developing relationships between communities of private sector entrepreneurs and Kennedy School students, we hope to do two things: encourage more thoughtful approaches to public policy on the part of disruptive startups, and better support Kennedy School students looking to start new organizations and programs,” Mele said. “Michael Phillips Moskowitz has an exceptional and unusual ability to think outside the box; this has served him well in his entrepreneurial ventures. Students on campus will find they have a lot to learn from a leading creative thinker at the intersection of technology and design.”Moskowitz will focus on how to apply user experience and usability design practices to improve online engagement, ranging from from news consumption to government service. He will be in residence for the fall 2016 semester, joining the Center’s Joan Shorenstein Fellows, Derrick Z. Jackson, Erie Meyer, Markus Prior, and Yeganeh Rezaian, and the Walter Shorenstein Media and Democracy Fellow, Bob Schieffer.last_img read more

Boy Scouts Of America Files For Bankruptcy

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Stock Photo: US ArmyIRVING, TX – The Boy Scouts of America has filed for bankruptcy.The youth organization filed on Tuesday as it faces a wave of sexual abuse lawsuits.It listed its assets between $1 billion and $10 billion and estimated $500 million to $1 billion in liabilities.According to its website, it filed chapter eleven to “equitably compensate victims who were harmed during their time in scouting.” Local councils are not filing for bankruptcy as they are legally separate and distinct organizations.“While we know nothing can undo the tragic abuse that victims suffered, we believe the chapter 11 process — with the proposed trust structure — will provide equitable compensation to all victims while maintaining the Boy Scouts of America’s important mission,” said Roger Mosby, Boy Scouts of America’s President and Chief Executive Officer.last_img read more

Food Safety Honored

first_imgJudy Harrison, a professor in the College of Family and Consumer Sciences Department of Foods and Nutrition at the University of Georgia, was selected to receive the 2018 Outstanding Engagement Award from the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities’ (APLU) Board on Human Sciences.At APLU’s annual meeting in November, Harrison received this national honor for her work in implementing food safety initiatives and educational programs for children, farmers and farmers market vendors. Her food safety education curriculum has been used across Georgia, nationwide and internationally.As a foods specialist for UGA Cooperative Extension, her outreach work with children includes two food safety programs that she created. “Smart Kids Fight BAC!” is a program that includes a four-step process to keep food safe. It contains activity workbooks, science, math and language arts problems that address the topic. The program has been used in 27 states, according to Harrison.Another one of her outreach efforts, “Wash Your Paws, Georgia!,” is a program for young children that encourages and emphasizes the importance of proper handwashing. Harrison’s commitment to children’s health stems from the age group’s vulnerability to foodborne disease.“Young children and the elderly are especially susceptible to foodborne illness,” Harrison said. “If we can prevent cases and deaths then that’s a very important task.”More recently, Harrison has worked on food safety education for farmers in Georgia. Harrison said her main objective is to help enhance the safety of locally grown produce. This training is divided into two parts, instructing farmers and instructing the managers of small farmers markets.These courses were delivered face-to-face and are now available on the national Extension website. The online courses have now reached eight countries, 17 states and the District of Columbia.“We’ve been delivering Produce Safety Alliance grower training for about 750 growers in Georgia and we will continue to deliver those programs,” Harrison said.Celia Barss, a local farmer at Woodland Garden Organic Farms in Winterville, Georgia, thought the class was very beneficial and made the concepts easy to understand.“The information was really great the way they presented it,” Barss said. “The class made it feel less overwhelming because sometimes the regulations you have to meet feel insurmountable, so we are now doing our best to implement what we can on our farm.”Currently, Harrison is working on a project in the UGA Institute on Human Development and Disability to execute food safety training for military veterans who want to go into farming and sell their products at farmers markets.She’s also the editor of a 2017 book published by Springer, “Food Safety for Farmers Markets: A Guide to Enhancing Safety of Local Foods.”Harrison’s creativity in developing sustainable and enjoyable initiatives is evident in the reach of her programs. Her curriculum has reached 810 farmers and 260 market managers in the U.S. and internationally.“I enjoy what I do because I have found people to be very receptive to training — they don’t want to make people sick,” Harrison said. “It’s been very rewarding, and getting to help keep families and consumers safe is a win-win.”For more information about food safety programs available through UGA Cooperative Extension, visit extension.uga.edu/topic-areas/food-health/commercial-home-food-safety.html.last_img read more