“Make Law Understandable To Layman”: PIL In SC Seeks Direction To Draft Statutes, Rules and Notifications In Plain Language [Read Petition]

first_imgTop Stories”Make Law Understandable To Layman”: PIL In SC Seeks Direction To Draft Statutes, Rules and Notifications In Plain Language [Read Petition] Radhika Roy9 Oct 2020 11:26 PMShare This – xA plea has been filed before the Supreme Court seeking for directions for the use of plain language in drafting and issuing of all government communications, and for issuance of handbooks of laws of general public interest which are easily understandable to the layman.The petition, filed by Petitioner-in-Person Dr. Subhash Vijayran, further seeks for directions to Bar Council of…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginA plea has been filed before the Supreme Court seeking for directions for the use of plain language in drafting and issuing of all government communications, and for issuance of handbooks of laws of general public interest which are easily understandable to the layman.The petition, filed by Petitioner-in-Person Dr. Subhash Vijayran, further seeks for directions to Bar Council of India to introduce a mandatory subject of “Legal Writing in Plain English” in 3 year and 5 year LL.B courses in India. It also seeks for an imposition of page limit for pleadings and time limit for oral arguments before the Supreme Court. The plea states that the writing of most lawyers is “(1) wordy, (2) unclear, (3) pompous and (4) dull”. “We use eight words to say what can be said in two. We use arcane phrases to express commonplace ideas. Seeking to be precise, we become redundant. Seeking to be cautious, we become verbose. Our writing is teemed with legal jargon and legalese. And the story goes?” The plea goes on to submit that the Constitution, Law and Legal System is for the common man, and yet it is the common man who is most ignorant of the system and even wary of it. “Because he (common citizen) neither understands the system not the laws. Everything is so much complicated and confusing” – This, the plea states, violates the fundamental right of the masses by denying them Access to Justice, a facet of Article 14 read with Articles 21 and 39A. In light of the above, the plea contends that the Legislature and the Executive should enact “precise and unambiguous laws, and as far as possible, in plain language”. Further, a guide in plain English and other vernacular languages should be issued by the Government to explain laws of general public interest. It also beseeches upon the Bar Council of India to introduce a mandatory subject of “Legal Writing in Plain English” in the LL.B course where law students are taught to draft precise and concise legal documents in Plain English. Additionally, it states that the lawyers before the Supreme Court of India should put in extra efforts to make their pleadings “clear, crisp, concise and accurate”. Seeking for a limit of 50-60-page limit for pleadings of the parties and 20-30 page limit for replies to the pleadings to be imposed, the Petitioner contends that the limit should only be relaxed in exceptional cases of constitutional or public importance, involving lengthy arguments. The plea also suggests setting a time limit with respect to oral arguments; 5-10 minutes for applications, 20 minutes for short cases, 30 minutes for cases of moderate length, and 40-60 minutes for long cases. Click Here To Download Petition[Read Petition]Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

News story: People with significant control (PSC): who controls your company?

first_img over 25% up to (and including) 50% more than 50% and less than 75% 75% or more name date of birth nationality and country of residence correspondence address – known as the ‘service address’ home address (this must not be disclosed) the date they became a PSC of the company the date you entered them into your PSC register all natures of control which apply A PSC must meet one or more conditions known as the ‘nature of control’. Your register must show which conditions are met.How to identify people with significant control (PSCs)Most PSCs are those who hold: more than 25% of shares in the company more than 25% of voting rights in the company the right to appoint or remove the majority of the board of directors If the PSC has applied for protectionSome individuals might have applied to protect their PSC information from being published on the Companies House register.If a PSC has applied for protection, you should record this on your PSC register.Protection from disclosure applies from the date the application is made to us.If you elect to keep your PSC information at Companies HouseAlmost all information about your PSCs will be available to the public, including their full date of birth.The PSC’s home address will not be available to the public, unless it’s also used as their service address.You must give all PSCs 14 days’ notice. If there are no objections, we can hold your register.See our guidance on company registers.Inspection of your registerYour PSC register must be available for inspection at the company’s registered office, or single alternative inspection location (SAIL).Anyone can look at your register free of charge. You must provide copies on request – you can charge a maximum of £12 for each copy. If you do not have an online account with us, you’ll need to register for online filing.You can also send us PSC information using third-party software.Contacting your PSC You must not disclose the home address of your company’s PSCs. Your PSC register cannot be blank. You must try to identify and contact anyone who could be a PSC of your company.Refusing to provide PSC information is a criminal offence, and you can apply restrictions on their shares or voting rights. You must include the level of their shares and voting rights, within the following categories:center_img See the full PSC guidance for more information.Information in your PSC registerYour PSC register must contain information about all PSCs of the company.If this is not possible, you must put a statement in your register to explain why this information is not available. You should check your company’s register of members for information on shareholders and voting rights.Your company’s constitution and articles of association may also contain information on voting and other rights associated with ownership of shares in the company.Other significant influence or controlYour PSC might influence or control your company through other means. This could be directly, or on behalf of someone else.For example, someone may influence or control the actions of directors or shareholders.This condition will only apply in limited circumstances. The full PSC guidance has more information on the meaning of ‘significant influence or control’.If your company is controlled by a trust or firm without ‘legal personality’This condition will only apply in limited circumstances. You should read the full PSC guidance and seek professional advice if you think this applies to your company.If the trust or firm meets any nature of control, you’ll need to record all trustees or members/partners of the firm as PSCs of your company and register this information at Companies House.Recording your PSC informationYou must confirm certain details with your PSC, before you can record them in your PSC register. The details you’ll need are: Send your PSC information to Companies House. A person with significant control (PSC) is someone who owns or controls your company. They’re sometimes called ‘beneficial owners’.You must identify your PSC and tell us who they are. This might be you, or someone associated with your company. A company can have one or more PSCs.You must record their details on your company’s PSC register, and you’ll need to include this information when you set up (incorporate) your company.If you cannot identify your PSC, or do not have one, you need to tell us.Identifying your PSC This guidance only covers the most common case examples. For more complex cases, you should read the full PSC guidance and seek independent professional advice if necessary. Applying restrictions is a significant step. You should only consider this if the person has repeatedly failed to respond to your requests for information. If your PSC information changesYou must record any changes to your PSC information in your company’s PSC register, such as a change of personal details or nature of control. You must do this within 14 days of the change.You must send these changes to Companies House within a further 14 days. It’s easier to do this online. Failing to meet the requirementsIf you think your company has a PSC, but you do not have all their information, you should send them a notice.You could also notify any advisers to your PSC, such as their lawyers, accountants or business partners.Anyone who does not respond to these notices within one calendar month, or gives false information, commits a criminal offence. They could receive a 2 year prison sentence, a fine or both.Other company typesSee Life of a limited liability partnership (LLP) for PSC guidance for LLPs.Eligible Scottish partnerships do not need to keep their own register – but they must send their PSC information to Companies House.Scottish limited partnerships (SLPs) and Scottish qualifying partnerships (SQPs) cannot keep their register at Companies House or an alternative address.See the full PSC guidance for information on these business types.last_img read more

Panama Ocean Pursuit Seizes Over a Ton of Cocaine

first_imgBy Dialogo August 23, 2010 Panamanian police along with agents from the country’s National Naval Air Service (SENAN) seized 1,100 kilograms of cocaine after pursuing a speedboat off Panama’s Pacific coast, according to authorities on August 18. The boat was detected on August 16 following a route in international waters, but SENAN units began its pursuit when it entered Panamanian territory, about 10 nautical miles from the island of Coiba, said naval air operations director Nonato Lopez, according to EFE. The vessel ran aground at Punta Mariato in Veraguas province, according to an official spokesman, but its three crewmembers managed to flee. Authorities found 55 bundles containing the cocaine in addition to two shotguns, ammunition, two satellite telephones and a GPS system, reported EFE. The Panamanian government has four naval stations that monitor the country’s two coastlines and strengthen its ability to combat drug trafficking. The country has recently acquired new coast guard vessel and helicopters, and is adding seven more bases – currently under construction – to heighten their monitoring and interdiction efforts. So far in 2010, SENAN has seized 12,118 kilograms of drugs, mainly cocaine, reported EFE.last_img read more

COVID crisis could worsen existing UK inequality, think tank says

first_imgTopics : “Government will need to be on the front foot in laying the groundwork for a strong and inclusive recovery even while still dealing with the immediate crisis,” said IFS deputy director Robert Joyce, who co-wrote the report.Reforms to consider included providing better training for workers, protecting small businesses, and catch-up teaching for children, especially from poorer families.The IFS report saw some upsides from the shutdown, including increased remote working which could help mothers’ careers while fathers spent more time with their children than before.Remote working could also help spread high-paid and high-productivity jobs away from London, addressing Britain’s regional productivity disparities.The IFS’s findings chimed with other research by academics who found black, Asian and minority ethnic people in Britain, and those with fewer qualifications, were hit harder by job losses than the population as a whole.The reports have come as the global protests at the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis have put renewed focus on the wider economic inequalities facing black people.  The coronavirus crisis is exposing Britain’s existing inequalities – between low and high earners, young and old workers and for ethnic minorities – which could be aggravated without reforms, a leading think tank said on Thursday.People on low wages are most at risk of losing income and their jobs because of the COVID-19 shutdown, while a gap in death rates between rich and poor neighborhoods has widened, the Institute for Fiscal Studies said.British people of Pakistani or Bangladeshi heritage are most likely to work in sectors affected by the coronavirus shutdown. Black people have contracted COVID-19 at far-above-average rates, reflecting how they are more likely to be in jobs with a greater risk of exposure to the coronavirus, the IFS said.last_img read more